UNWELCOMED: A FAIR HOUSING HISTORY OF SALES & LENDING DISCRIMINATION EXHIBIT

Panel 4 (Redlining)

To listen to an audio recording of this panel, click here for Part 1 and here for Part 2.

Bibliography

-Jake Blumgart, “Redlining Didn’t Happen Quite the Way We Thought It Did,” Governing: The Future of States and Localities, September 21, 2021: https://www.governing.com/context/redlining-didnt-happen-quite-the-way-we-thought-it-did.

-Bruce Mitchell and Juan Franco, “HOLC ‘Redlining’ Maps: The Persistent Structure of Segregation and Economic Inequality,” National Community Reinvestment Coalition, 2018: https://ncrc.org/wp-content/uploads/dlm_uploads/2018/02/NCRC-Research-HOLC-10.pdf.

-Donovan Moxley and Burnell Fischer, “Historic HOLC Redlining in Indianapolis and the Legacy of Environmental Impacts,” Journal of Public and Environmental Affairs, Volume 1, Issue 1, April 2020: https://scholarworks.iu.edu/journals/index.php/jpea/article/view/30321/34726

-Robert K. Nelson, LaDale Winling, Richard Marciano, Nathan Connolly, et al., “Mapping Inequality,” American Panorama, ed. Robert K. Nelson and Edward L. Ayers, accessed October 22, 2021, https://dsl.richmond.edu/panorama/redlining/.

-Jeramy Townsley, Unai Miguel Andres, and Matt Nowlin, “The Lasting Impacts of Segregation and Redlining,” SAVI, The Polis Center, June 24, 2021: https://www.savi.org/2021/06/24/lasting-impacts-of-segregation/

-Jordan Ryan, “A Judgment Call: Indianapolis, Redlining, & Unjust Legacies,” Wilma Gibbs Moore Fellowship, Indiana Humanities, 2022. 

 

Image Citation

-Indianapolis Redlining Map, Robert K. Nelson, LaDale Winling, Richard Marciano, Nathan Connolly, et al., “Mapping Inequality,” American Panorama, ed. Robert K. Nelson and Edward L. Ayers, accessed October 22, 2021, https://dsl.richmond.edu/panorama/redlining/

-FHA Manual, Sections 863, 929, & 980, Underwriting Manual: Underwriting and Valuation Procedure Under Title II of the National Housing Act, Federal Housing Administration, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1938:  https://www.huduser.gov/portal/sites/default/files/pdf/Federal-Housing-Administration-Underwriting-Manual.pdf.

-Area Description Forms, A2, D9, D25 & D29, Robert K. Nelson, LaDale Winling, Richard Marciano, Nathan Connolly, et al., “Mapping Inequality,” American Panorama, ed. Robert K. Nelson and Edward L. Ayers, accessed October 22, 2021: https://dsl.richmond.edu/panorama/redlining/.

-Indianapolis Power & Light Co. Distribution System Photographs, copyright Danita Davis, digitized by IUPUI, 1935-1936, 3 images: “Blake Street Looking North from New York Street, 1935,” https://indianamemory.contentdm.oclc.org/digital/collection/IndyHist/id/8187/rec/64; “East Street Looking North from Morris Street, 1935,” https://indianamemory.contentdm.oclc.org/digital/collection/IndyHist/id/8206/rec/84; “State Street Looking North from Minnesota Street, 1936” https://indianamemory.contentdm.oclc.org/digital/collection/IndyHist/id/8270/rec/155.

Timeline

Panel 1 (Introduction)

Panel 2 (Racial Covenants)

Panel 3 (Neighborhood Intimidation)

Panel 4 (Redlining)

Panel 5 (Blockbusting & Steering)

Panel 6 (Anti-Discrimination Efforts)

Panel 7 (New Forms of Discrimination)

Panel 8 (Today’s Outcomes & Strategies)